Affleck, T L 1986 ‘Excavations at Starr, Loch Doon 1985’, Glasgow Archaeology Society Bulletin 22, 14–21.
Anderson-Whymark, H and Thomas, J (eds) 2012 Regional Perspectives on Neolithic Pit Deposition: Beyond the Mundane. Oxbow Books: Oxford.
Bailie, W and Mooney, K 2014 ‘Discovering the heart of Prehistoric Galloway’, https://www.heritagedaily.com/2014/05/discovering-the-heart-of-prehistoric-galloway/103100. Accessed 10/02/2021.
Ballin, T B, Saville, A, Tipping, R and Ward, T 2010 ‘An Upper Palaeolithic flint and chert assemblage from Howburn Farm, South Lanarkshire, Scotland: first results’, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 29(4), 323–60.
Ballin, T B and Johnson, M 2005 ‘Glentaggart, South Lanarkshire – discussion of a Scottish chert assemblage and its associated technology’, Lithics: The Journal of the Lithic Studies Society 26, 57–86.
Ballin, T B and Barrowman C, 2015 ARO15: Chert artefacts and structures during the final Mesolithic at Garvald Burn, Scottish Borders. Published by GUARD Archaeology Ltd, https://www.archaeologyreportsonline.com/PDF/ARO15_Garvald_burn.pdf.
Ballin, T B, Savile, A, Tipping, R, Ward, T, Housley, R, Verrill, L, Bradley, M, Wilsin, C, Lincoln, P and MacLeod, A 2018 Reindeer hunters at Howburn Farm, South Lanarkshire; A Late Hamburgian settlement in southern Scotland -its lithic artefacts and natural environment.
Barrowman, C 2000 Surface Lithic Scatters as an Archaeological Resource in South and Central Scotland. Unpublished PhD thesis: University of Glasgow.
Barton, R N E, Berridge, P J, Walker, M J and Bevins, R E 1995 ‘Persistent Places in the Mesolithic Landscape: An Example from the Black Mountain Uplands of South Wales’, Proceedings of the Pre-Historic Society 61, 81–116. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0079497X00003042
Bennett, K D, 1984 ‘The Post-glacial history of Pinus sylvestris in the British Isles’, Quaternary Science Reviews 3(2–3), 133–55.
Bennett, K D, & Birks, H J B, 1990 ‘Postglacial history of alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) in the British Isles’, Journal of Quaternary Science 5, 123–34. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.3390050204
Birks, H J B, 1988 ‘Long-term ecological change in the British uplands’, in Usher, M B & Thompson, D B A (eds) Ecological Change in the Uplands. Oxford, 37–56.
Birks, H J B, 1989 ‘Holocene isochrone maps and patterns of tree-spreading in the British Isles’, Journal of Biogeography 16(6), 503–40. https://www.bosci.net/papers/Birks1989.pdf
Bishop, A H 1914 ‘An Oronsay shell-mound – a Scottish Pre-Neolithic site’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 48, 52–108. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.048.52.108
Bishop, R, Church, M and Rowley-Conwy, P 2014 ‘Seeds, fruits and nuts in the Scottish Mesolithic’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 143, 9–72. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.143.9.71
Bishop, R R, Kubiak-Martens, L, Warren, GM et al. 2022 ‘Getting to the root of the problem: new evidence for the use of plant root foods in Mesolithic hunter-gatherer subsistence in Europe’, Veget Hist Archaeobot 32, 65–83 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-022-00882-1
Boyd, W E & Dickson, J H, 1986. ‘Patterns in the geographical distribution of the early Flandrian Corylus rise in southwest Scotland’, New Phytologist 102(4), 615–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1986.tb00835.x
Breuil, H 1922 ‘Observations on the pre-Neolithic industries of Scotland’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 56, 261–81. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.056.261.281
Chambers, F M & Elliott, L 1989 ‘Spread and expansion of Alnus Mill, in the British Isles: timing, agencies and possible vectors’, Journal of Biogeography 16, 541–50.
Chatterton, R 2006 ‘Ritual’, in Conneller, C and Warren, G (eds) Mesolithic Britain and Ireland: New approaches. Tempus: Stroud, 101–20.
Clarke, A & Kirby, M forthcoming The Flaked Lithic Assemblage from Mesolithic and Early Bronze Age activity at Musselburgh Primary Health Care Centre, Inveresk Road, Musselburgh. Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports.
Cook, M, Lawson, J A and McLaren, D 2017 Excavations and Interventions in and around Cramond Roman Fort and Annexe, 1976 to 1990. Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 74. https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2017.74
Coope, G R 1968 ‘Fossil beetles collected by James Bennie from Late Glacial silts at Corstorphine, Edinburgh’, Scottish Journal of Geology 4, 339–48. https://doi.org/10.1144/sjg0404033
Conneller, C 2011. ‘The Mesolithic’, in Insoll, T (ed) The Oxford handbook of the archaeology of ritual and religion. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 131–53.
Conneller, C 2022 The Mesolithic in Britain: Landscape and Society in Times of Change. Routledge: London.
Dunwell, A 2007 Cist burials and an Iron Age settlement at Dryburn Bridge, Innerwick, East Lothian, Scottish Archaeology Internet Reports 24. https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2007.24
Engl, R P 2006 ‘Lithics and Coarse Stone’ in Gooder, J (ed) Excavations at Cramond Roman Fort Unpublished Data Structure Report, AOC Archaeology Group.
Engl, R P 2012 ‘Lithics’, in Gooder, J Cramond Roman Fort. AOC Archaeology Group; unpublished client report.
Engl, R P 2017 ‘Chipped Stone’ in Cook, M, Lawson, J A & McLaren, D Excavations and Interventions in and around Cramond Roman Fort and Annexe, 1976 to 1990, Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 74, 55. https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2017.74
Engl, R P and Gooder, J 2021 ‘“A home by the sea”: the excavation of a robust Mesolithic house of the late 9th millennium BC at East Barns, East Lothian’, Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 96. https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2021.96
Finlayson, B 1990b ‘Lithic exploitation during the Mesolithic in Scotland’, Scottish Archaeological Review 7, 41–57.
Finlayson, B 1995 ‘Complexity in the Mesolithic of the Western Scottish seaboard’, in Fischer, A (ed) Man and sea in the Mesolithic; coastal settlement above and below present sea level. Oxbow: Oxford, 261–64.
Finlayson, B 1998 Wild harvesters: the first people in Scotland. Canongate Books/Historic Scotland: Edinburgh.
Finlayson, B 2004 ‘The use of stone tools in Mesolithic Scotland: function, value, decision-making and landscapes’, in Saville, A (ed) Mesolithic Scotland and its neighbours. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Edinburgh, 221–8.
Finlayson, B and Warren, G 2000 ‘The Mesolithic of eastern Scotland’, in Young, R (ed) Mesolithic Lifeways: Current Research from Britain and Ireland. University of Leicester (Leicester Archaeology Monographs No.7): Leicester, 133–41.
Foxon, A D 1991 Bone, antler, tooth and horn technology and utilisation in Prehistoric Scotland. Unpublished PhD thesis: Department of Archaeology, University of Glasgow.
Girling, M A, 1988. ‘A first fossil record for Scolytus scolytus (Fabricius) and the possible role of elm disease in the early Neolithic’, in Jones, M (ed) Archaeology and the Flora of the British Isles. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology: Oxford. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 14, 34–38.
Girling, M A & Grieg, J R A 1985 ‘A first fossil record for Scolytus scolytus (F.) (Elm Bark beetle): its occurrence in elm decline deposits from London and the implications for Neolithic elm disease’, Journal of Archaeological Science 12, 347–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(85)90063-9
Godwin, H 1975 History of the British Flora. Cambridge (2nd edn).
Gooder, J 2001 ‘BCI North-East Quarry, Dunbar, East Lothian (Dunbar Parish), evaluation, geophysical survey, field-walking’, Discovery & Excavation in Scotland, 2. 31–2.
Grieve, S 1885 The Great Auk or Garefowl: its history, archaeology and remains. Thomas C Jack: London.
Griffiths, J and Bonsall, C 2001 ‘Experimental determination of the function of antler and bone “bevel-ended tools” from prehistoric shell middens in western Scotland’, in Choyke, A M and Bartosiewicz, L (eds) Crafting bone: skeletal technologies through time and space, British Archaeological Reports: Oxford, 207–20.
Grøn, O 2003 ‘Mesolithic dwelling places in south Scandinavia: their definition and social interpretation’, Antiquity 77 298, 685–708.
Guillane, J and Zammit, J 2005 The Origins of War – Violence in Prehistory. Blackwell Publishing: Oxford.
Hastie, M 2002 Carbonised Plant Remains from Manor Bridge, Scottish Borders. Headland Archaeology Ltd, Client Report: Edinburgh.
Hastie, M & Bishop, R 2023 Palaeoenvironment in Lawson, J A, Saville, A & Engl, R 2023 ‘A time of change: Mesolithic occupation at Cramond, Edinburgh during the 9th millennium BC’, Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 103.https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2023.103
Hibbert, FA and Switsur, V R 1976 ‘Radiocarbon dating of Flandrian pollen zones in Wales and northern England’, New Phytologist 77 3, 793–807. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1976.tb04676.x
Hind, D 1998 Chert use in the Mesolithic of Northern England, Internet Report. www.assemblage.group.shef.ac.uk/4/4hind.html. University of Sheffield.
Hirons, K R & Edwards, K J, 1986. ‘Events at and around the first and second Ulmus declines: palaeoecological investigations in Co. Tyrone, Northern Ireland’, New Phytologist 104(1), 131-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1986.tb00641.x
Holst, D 2010 ‘Hazelnut economy of early Holocene hunter-gatherers: A case study from Mesolithic Duvensee, northern Germany’, Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 2871–80.
Innes, J B & Shennan, I 1991 ‘Palynology of Archaeological and Mire Sediments from Dod, Borders Region, Scotland’, Archaeological Journal 148, 1–45. https://doi.org/10.1080/00665983.1991.11021370
Jacques, D, Phillips, T, Hoare, P, Bishop, B, Legge, T and Parfitt, S, 2014 ‘Mesolithic settlement near Stonehenge: excavations at Blick Mead, Vespasian’s Camp, Amesbury’, Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, 107, 7–27.
Jones, H M 1998 ‘Fieldwalking, Dalmeny Estate, Dalmeny Parish’, Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1998, 33–4.
Kirby, M, Anderson, S, Bidwell, P, Clarke, A, Cool, H, Cressey, M, Croom, A, Cruikshanks, G, Ellis, C, Evans, J, Gröcke, D, Hartley, K, Hudak, E, Hunter, F, Johnson, M, McLaren, D, Montgomery, J, Moore, J, Nowell, G, Pashley, V, Rose, A, Thoms, J, Tomlin, R and Wild, F (2020) ‘Excavations at Musselburgh Primary Health Care Centre’, Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 89, 1–53. doi: 10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2020.89.1-153.
Kitchener, A C, 2014 ‘The Woolly Mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius, in Scotland’, The Edinburgh Geologist 56, 9–18.
Lawson, J A, Saville, A and Engl, R 2023 A time of change: Mesolithic occupation at Cramond, Edinburgh during the 9th millennium BC, Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 103. https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2023.103
Lawson, T J, 1984 ‘Reindeer in the Scottish Quaternary’, Quaternary Newsletter 42,1–7.
Mannion, A M, 1978 ‘Late Quaternary deposits from Linton Loch, southeast Scotland. I. Absolute and relative pollen analyses of limnic sediments’, Journal of Biogeography 5(2), 193–206. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3038172
Mayle, F E, Lowe, J J and Sheldrick, C, 1997 ‘The Late Devensian Lateglacial palaeoenvironmental record from Whitrig Bog, SE Scotland. 1. Lithostratigraphy, geochemistry and palaeobotany’, Boreas 26, 279–95. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3885.1997.tb00856.x
Mellars, P & Dark, P, 1998 ‘Star Carr in Context’ McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research: Cambridge.
Mercer, R 1976 ‘The archaeological survey of a coastal area of East Lothian at Torness, Innerwick’, Transactions of East Lothian Antiquarian and Field Naturalists Society 15, 1–16.
Mithen, S 2019 ‘Mesolithic Fireplaces and the Enculturation of Early Holocene Landscapes in Britain, with a Case Study from Western Scotland’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 85, 131–59. doi:10.1017/ppr.2019.6
Mithen, S J, Wicks, K, Pirie, A E, Riede, F, Lane, C, Banjerea, R, Cullen, V, Gittins, M and Pankhurst, N 2015 ‘A late glacial archaeological site and tephra sequence in the far northwest of Europe: Ahrensburgian artefacts and geoarchaeology at Rupha Port an t-Seilich, Isle of Islay, western Scotland’, Journal of Quaternary Science 30, 396–416.
Moore, J. 2003. Encul
Mulholland, H 1970 ‘The microlithic industries of the Tweed Valley’, Transactions of the Dumfriesshire & Galloway Natural History & Antiquarian Society 3rd series 47, 81–110. https://dgnhas.org.uk/sites/default/files/transcations/3047.pdf#page=90
Murray, Hilary K, et al 2009 A Tale of the Unknown Unknowns: A Mesolithic Pit Alignment and a Neolithic Timber Hall at Warren Field, Crathes, Aberdeenshire. Oxbow Books: Oxford. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1cfr875. Accessed 6 Oct. 2023.
Neeley, M P & Clark, G A 1990 ‘Measuring Social Complexity in the European Mesolithic’, in Vermeersh, P M and van Peer, P (eds) Contributions to the Mesolithic in Europe. Leuven University Press: Leuven 127–37.
Parker, A G, Goudie, A S, Anderson, D E, Robinson, M A & Bonsall, C, 2002 ‘A review of the mid-Holocene elm decline in the British Isles’, Progress in Physical Geography 26 1, 1–45. https://journals.sagepub.com/toc/ppga/26/1
Pennington, W, 1970 ‘Vegetation history in the north-west of England: a regional synthesis’, in Walker, D & West, R G (eds) Studies in the Vegetational History of the British Isles: Cambridge, 41–80.
Piggott, S & Powell, T G E 1949 ‘The excavation of three Neolithic chambered tombs in Galloway 1949’, Proceedings for the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 83, 103–61. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.083.103.161
Pigott, C D & Huntley, J P, 1980 ‘Factors controlling the distribution of Tilia cordata at the northern limits of its geographic range. II. History in north-west England’, New Phytologist 84 1 , 145–64. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1980.tb00757.x
Pollard, T 1996 ‘Time & Tide: Coastal Environments, Cosmology and Ritual Practice in Early Prehistoric Scotland’, in Pollard, T and Morrison A (eds) The Early Prehistory of Scotland. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh, 198–210.
Robertson, A, Lochrie, J and Timpany, S 2013 ‘Built to last: Mesolithic and Neolithic settlement at two sites beside the Forth Estuary, Scotland’, Proceedings for the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 143, 78–136. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.143.73.136
Saville, A 1996 ‘Foreshore W of Blackness Bay’, Discovery & Excavation in Scotland, 41.
Saville, A 2004 ‘The material culture of Mesolithic Scotland’, in Saville, A (ed) Mesolithic Scotland and its neighbours. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Edinburgh, 185–220.
Saville, A 2008 ‘The beginning of the later Mesolithic in Scotland’ in Sulgostowska, Z and Tomaszewski, A J (eds) Man-millennia-environment (Studies in Honour of Romuald Schild). Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences: Warsaw.
Sloan, D 1993 Sample, Site and System: shell midden economies in Scotland 6000 – 4000 BP. Unpublished PhD Thesis: University of Cambridge.
Simmons, I G, 1996. The Environmental Impact of Later Mesolithic Cultures: the creation of moorland landscape in England and Wales. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh.
Smith, C 1989 ‘British Antler Mattocks’, in Bonsall C (ed) The Mesolithic in Europe papers presented at the 3rd international symposium. Edinburgh 1985. John Donald: Edinburgh, 272–84.
Tight, J A, 1987 The Late Quaternary History of Wester Branxholme and Kingside Lochs, South-east Scotland. Unpublished PhD Thesis: University of Reading. Available from British Library EThOS: uk.bl.ethos.379402
Tipping, R, 1994 ‘The form and fate of Scotland’s woodlands’ Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 124, 1–54. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.124.1.54
Tipping, R, 2010 Bowmont: An Environmental History of the Bowmont Valley and the Northern Cheviot Hills, 10 000BC – AD 2000. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh.
Tipping, R and Halliday, S P 1994 ‘The age of alluvial fan deposition at a site in the Southern Uplands of Scotland’, Earth Surface Processes and l.andforms 19 4. 333–48. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3290190405
Turner, J 1984.’Pollen diagrams from Cross Fell and their implications for former tree-lines’, in Haworth, E Y & Lund, J W G (eds) Lake Sediments and Environmental History, Leicester, 317–58.
Vencl, S 1999 ‘Stone Age Warfare’ in Carmen, J & Harding, A (eds) Ancient Warfare Archaeological Perspectives. Sutton Publishing: Gloucestershire.
Waddington, C (ed) 2007 Mesolithic settlement in the North Sea Basin: A case study from Howick, North-east England. Oxbow: Oxford.
Waddington, C 2015 ‘Mesolithic re-colonisation of Britain following the drowning of North Sea landscapes’, in Ashton, N and Harris, C (eds) No stone unturned: papers in honour of Roger Jacobi. Lithic Studies Society: London, 221–32.
Waddington, C and Bonsall, C 2016 Archaeology and environment on the North Sea littoral; a case study from Low Hauxley. Archaeological Research Services Ltd.
Waddington, C and Passmore, D G, 2012 ‘Hunter-gatherers c. 13400-3900 BC’, in Passmore, D G and Waddington, C (eds) Archaeology and environment in Northumberland. Till-Tweed Studies Vol 2. Oxbow Books & English Heritage: Oxford, 112–40.
Ward T 2005 Weston Farm Excavations – Interim Report. Biggar Archaeology Group www. biggararchaeology.org.uk.
Ward T 2010 The recently discovered Mesolithic Sites of South Lanarkshire in South Central Scotland, and their context in Southern Scotland. Biggar Archeological Group www.biggararchaeology.org.uk.
Ward, T 2012 Mesolithic Chert Quarry at Burnetland Farm. Biggar Archaeology Group
Ward, T 2017 Daer Valley and Clydesdale Mesolithic. Biggar Archeology Group http://www.biggararchaeology.org.uk/
Warren, G. 1998a ‘Chert Quarry Wide Hope Shank (Newlands parish)’, Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1998, 82.
Warren, G 1998b ‘Manor Bridge – “The Popples” (Peebles Parish) Mesolithic settlement’, Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1998: 82.
Warren, G. 2001. Towards a Social Archaeology of the Mesolithic in Eastern Scotland: Landscapes, Contexts and Experience. Unpublished PhD thesis: University of Edinburgh.
Warren, G 2003 Chert quarries at Kilrubie Hill, Eddleston Valley, Internet Report 2003–5. http://www.peebleshirearchsoc.org.uk/html/kilrubie.
Warren, G 2005 Mesolithic lives in Scotland. Tempus: Stroud.
Warren, G 2007 ‘An archaeology of the Mesolithic in eastern Scotland: deconstructing culture, constructing identity’ in Waddington, C and Pedersen, K (eds) 2007 ‘Mesolithic studies in the North Sea Basin and beyond’ Proceedings of a conference held at Newcastle in 2007. Oxbow Books: Oxford, 137–50.
Webb, J A & Moore, P D, 1982. ‘The Late Devensian Vegetational History of the Whitlaw Mosses, Southeast Scotland’, New Phytologist 91, 341–98 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1982.tb03317.x
Whittington, G, Edwards, K J & Cundill, P R, 1990. Palaeoenvironmental Investigations at Black Loch, in the Ochil Hills of Fife, Scotland. Aberdeen. O’Dell Monograph 22.
Wickham-Jones, C R 1986 ‘The procurement and use of stone for flaked tools in prehistoric Scotland’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 116, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.116.1.10
Wickham-Jones, C R 2020 Guidance for investigating and managing lithic scatter sites in Scotland http://www.bajr.org/BAJRGuides/2020-ALGAO-Management-of-Lithic-Scatters-in-Scotland-Guidance_v1-0.pdf
Wickham-Jones, C R & Collins, G H 1978 ‘The sources of flint and chert in northern Britain’, Proc Soc Antiq Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 109, 7-21. https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.109.7.21
Wickham-Jones, C R and Dalland, M 1998 ‘A small Mesolithic site at Craighead Golf Course, Fife Ness, Fife’ Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal 4, 1–19.
Wickham-Jones, C R and McCartan S 1990 ‘The lithic assemblage: secondary technology’ in Wickham-Jones, C R, Rhum: Mesolithic and later sites at Kinloch, Excavations 1984-86. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Monograph Series 7: Edinburgh, 87–101.
Yeoman, P A, Terry, J, Speller, K and Hanson, W S 2007 Elginhaugh: A Flavian Fort and its Annexe. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies: Malet Street. https://doi.org/10.5284/1090313
Zvelebil, M, 1994 ‘Plant use in the Mesolithic and its Role in the Transition to Farming’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 60, 35–74. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0079497X00003388