Priority 1: While the region’s Flavian presence has received considerable attention, datable evidence remains limited with much dating reliant on comparative analysis with sites and assemblages elsewhere. Opportunities to obtain datable material from secure Roman contexts and subject it to detailed and scientific analysis, such as dendrochronological sampling, should be taken. Reassessment of regional collections and assemblages in light of methodological or theoretical advancements beyond the county boundaries, such as the analysis of marching camp ovens near Ayr Academy (Arabaolaza 2019), should also be undertaken where they may impact chronologies and phasing in Perth and Kinross.
Priority 2: Beyond the 1st century AD the picture of Roman activity in the region lacks chronological definition and should feature prominently in future investigations.
Priority 3: Resolving the precise chronology and sequencing of the Severan fortress at Carpow is considered critical to understanding the period regionally and nationally (ScARF Roman section, 20). Reappraisal of the pottery assemblage and close comparison with the sequences from South Shields and Wallsend on Hadrian’s Wall are a significant component to this priority.
Priority 3: Outwith the three main periods of the known Roman presence in the region, historical sources suggest other military and diplomatic activity occurred north of Hadrian’s Wall, but whether these penetrated into Perth and Kinross is unknown. Stray finds in the region complicate the picture providing evidence of activity without necessarily indicating what or when it relates to. Further, excavations have suggested that there may be additional phases of activity that aren’t easily accommodated within the traditional three Roman periods. Further work is needed that focuses on these vague suggestions of Roman activity with a view to bringing greater definition and chronological clarity to the complex picture. This should include targeting locations of key metal-detector finds to seek a firmer understanding of their landscape setting.